"What is learning to me?" by Dr. Muriel Bruchhage
In this, the third in our series we asked Dr Muriel Bruchhage a Post-doctoral Research Associate at Rhode Island Hospital and Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University, as well as a Visiting Researcher at King’s College London, what is learning to her?
Bioactive nutrition and infant gut development - Dr. Ryan Carvalho
Scientific advances have enabled a better understanding of some of the unique components in human milk, termed ‘bioactives’, which are thought to protect against infection and inflammation, and contribute to immune maturation and healthy microbial colonisation.
Hot topics in bioactive nutrition – HMOs and MOS - Dr. Colin Cercamondi
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) and bovine milk derived oligosaccharides (MOS) are bioactive components in infant nutrition that have been clinically demonstrated to have favorable gut microbiome modulating effects as well as beneficial effects on gastrointestinal related immunity.
Importance of faecal biomarkers and the microbiome’s role in child health and disease… Is it really all about the poop? - Dr. Ben Gold
Diet, environment and microbiota in infancy are factors that can support gut barrier function and immune development. Studies show that nutrition interventions, particularly breastfeeding and human milk oligosaccharides, may influence the development of a normal microbiome.
Brain and cognitive development – a focus on myelination and executive functions - Dr. Barry O’Neill
Executive functions (inhibition, working memory, cognitive flexibility) develop in children as an interplay of brain maturation, including myelination, and external environmental factors (e.g. nutrition, stimulation).
Development and evolution of the gut:brain axis - Dr. Peter Lu
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common in children. The gut–brain axis plays an integral role in the development of FGIDs. We will review early life factors and discuss how this can be applied to the diagnosis and management of FGIDs.