- Makrides M, Neumann MA, Byard RW, Simmer K, Gibson RA. Fatty acid composition of brain, retina, and erythrocytes in breast- and formula-fed infants. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;60:189-94.
- Bradbury J. Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA): An Ancient Nutrient for the Modern Human Brain. Nutrients. 2011;3(5):529-54.
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Fats and fatty acids in human nutrition: report of an expert consultation. Food and Nutrition Paper 91, 2010. Accessed September 11, 2015 at http://www.fao.org/3/a-i1953e.pdf.
- Vishwanathan R, Kuchan MJ, Sen S, Johnson EJ. Lutein and preterm infants with decreased concentration of brain carotenoids. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014;59:659-65.
- Cheatham CL, Sheppard KW. Synergistic Effects of Human Milk Nutrients in the Support of Infant Recognition Memory: An Observational Study. Nutrients. 2015;7:9079-95.
- Mulder K, Wiedeman A, Yan J, et al. Docosahexaenoic Acid, Choline and Lutein Intakes are Associated with Cognitive Performance in School-aged Children. In: Abstract Book of the 8th Excellence in Pediatrics; 2016 December 8-10; London, UK. Abstract ID116; Page 85.
- Bazan NG, Molina MF, Gordon WC. Docosahexaenoic Acid: Signalolipidomics in Nutrition: Significance in Aging, Neuroinflammation, Macular Degeneration, Alzheimer’s, and Other Neurodegenerative Disease. Annu Rev Nutr. 2011;31:321-51.
- Zeisel SH. Nutritional importance of choline for brain development. J Am Coll Nutr. 2004;23(6 Suppl):621S-626S.
- Wurtman RJ. Synapse formation and cognitive brain development: effect of docosahexaenoic acid and other dietary constituents. Metabolism. 2008;57:S6-10.
- Meck WH, Williams CL. Metabolic imprinting of choline by its availability during gestation: implications for memory and attentional processing across the lifespan. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2003;27(4):385-99.
- McCann JC, Hudes M, Ames BN. An overview of evidence for a causal relationship between dietary availability of choline during development and cognitive function in offspring. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2006;30(5):696-712.
- Moon J, Chen M, Gandhy SU, et al. Perinatal choline supplementation improves cognitive functioning and emotion regulation in the Ts65Dn mouse model of Down syndrome. Behav Neurosci. 2010;124(3):346-61.
- Craciunescu CN, Albright CD, Mar MH, Song Z, Zeisel SH. Choline availability during embryonic development alters progenitor cell mitosis in developing mouse hippocampus. J Nutr. 2003;133(11):3614-8.
- Ash JA, Valazquez R, Kelley CM, et al. Maternal choline supplementation improves spatial mapping and increases basal forebrain cholinergic neuron number and size in aged Ts65Dn mice. Neurobiol Dis. 2014;70:32-42.
- Ross RG, Hunter SK, McCarthy L, et al. Perinatal choline effects on neonatal pathophysiology related to later schizophrenia risk. Am J Psychiatry. 2013;170(3):290-8.
- Alves-Rodrigues A, Shao A. The science behind lutein. Toxicol Lett. 2004;150(1): 57-83.
- Li SY, Yang D, Fu ZJ, Woo T, Wong D, Lo AC. Lutein enhances survival and reduces neuronal damage in a mouse model of ischemic stroke. Neurobiol Dis. 2012;45:624-32.
- Scheltens P, Twisk JW, Blesa R, et al. Efficacy of Souvenaid in Mild Alzheimer’s Disease: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. J Alzheimers Dis. 2012;31(1):225-36.
- Arnal E, Miranda M, Barcia J, Bosch-Morell F, Romero FJ. Lutein and docosahexaenoic acid prevent cortex lipid peroxidation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat cerebral cortex. Neuroscience. 2009;166(1);271-8.
- Fats and fatty acids in human nutrition Report of an expert consultation, FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 91, FAO, Rome, 2010.
- Forsyth S, Gautier S, Salem N. Estimated Dietary Intakes of Arachidonic Acid and Docosahexaenoic Acid in Infants and Young Children Living in Developing Countries. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2016;69(1):64-74.
- Madden SM, Garrioch CF, Holub BJ. Direct diet quantification indicates low intakes of (n-3) fatty acids in children 4 to 8 years old. J Nutr. 2009;139(3):528-32.
- Dietary Reference Intakes: A Risk Assessment Model for Establishing Upper Intake Levels for Nutrients. Food and Nutrition Board. Institute of Medicine. 1998.
- Vennemann FB, Ioannidou S, Valsta LM, et al. Dietary intake and food sources of choline in European populations. Br J Nutr. 2015;114(12):2046-55.
- Wallace TC, Fulgoni VL. Assessment of Total Choline Intakes in the United States. J Am Coll Nutr. 2016;35(2):108-12.
- Johnson EJ, Maras JE, Rasmussen HM, Tucker KL. Intake of lutein and zeaxanthin differ with age, sex, and ethnicity. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010;110(9):1357-62.
- Briefel RR. New findings from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study: Data to Inform Action. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010;110(12 Suppl):S5-S7.
This content is for registered users only.
Registration is free and reserved for healthcare professionals.
Sign in with Social
Or sign in with E-mail
Sign in with Social
Or sign in with E-mail
Forgot your password? Reset it.